According to Anja Olsen, PHD, researchers monitored the diets of 57, 053 people living in Denmark for 12 years. Participants were scored according to how closely they adhered to a “Nordic” diet high in cabbage, root vegetables (such as carrots) and 100% rye bread.

Among those who closely adhered to the diet, men were 36% less likely to die during the study period than those who did not regularly eat such foods and women were 25% less likely. Possible reason: Those foods are rich in dietary fiber and micronutrients.